Chemical Reaction Equilibrium Calculation Task For ChE Undergraduates – Simulating Fritz Haber’s Ammonia Synthesis With Thermodynamic Software

Kimmo Klemola

Abstract


In 1909, Fritz Haber succeeded in synthesizing ammonia from hydrogen and atmospheric nitrogen. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1918. He presented the original experimental results in his Nobel lecture in 1920. This paper demonstrates how to simulate Haber’s experimental results with the thermodynamic software HSC Chemistry and how to calculate the equilibrium composition from basic thermodynamic data and equations. 


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