Adult Neural Stem Cell Proliferation is Not Altered in Transgenic Mice Over-expressing BDNF or Mutant Huntingtin in Forebrain

Dalbir Bahga, Kathleen Guthrie

Abstract


Stem cells in the adult brain subventricular zone (SVZ) generate new neurons that migrate to the olfactory bulb. About half of the new neurons survive and become functional interneurons. SVZ stem cells are being studied to discover if there are ways to enhance the survival of adult-born neurons, and if they can be used to replace neurons in damaged brain areas. In transgenic mouse models of Huntington’s disease (HD), survival of new olfactory neurons is reduced. Crossing this group with mice over-expressing the growth factor brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) may increase neuron survival. Before testing for neuron survival effects, we quantified SVZ cell proliferation to determine if transgene expression affected SVZ stem cell proliferation. Four groups of mice (BDNF over-expressers, HD mice, two control strains) were analyzed. Mice were given the mitotic cell marker bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU), euthanized 4 hours later, and labeled SVZ cells were counted. The results indicate that neither increased BDNF expression or expression of a human HD mutation have any significant effect on endogenous SVZ cell proliferation in adult mice.


Keywords


neural stem cell proliferation; htt; Huntington's Disease; BDNF; SVZ

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