Welcome to Florida Entomologist, the first refereed, natural science journal on the Internet.
Florida Entomologist is:
the first journal to put its contents on the Internet in PDF format,
the first life science journal to have all current and back issues on the Web with free access,
the first entomological journal to allow authors to archive supplemental digital material with their articles,
the first freely accessible journal hosted by BioOne
Florida Entomologist is the official journal of the Florida Entomological Society (FES). Volumes 1–3 were published under the name Florida Buggist. The Florida Entomological Society still produces the traditionally printed version of Florida Entomologist, but you can also view, search, or print any article published since June 1917 by accessing online files. Web access was made possible by the Society’s electronic publication project begun in 1993 (see below for more details).
Florida Entomologist —"An International Journal for the Americas"— is the official journal of the Florida Entomological Society and is published quarterly. Articles published in the Florida Entomologist reflect all aspects of basic and applied entomological science. There are no geographical restrictions regarding publication, although priority will be given to manuscripts that reflect the fauna of the Western Hemisphere, or are of great interest to entomologists in this region.
FES's electronic publication project
Online publication was undertaken by the Florida Entomological Society to further the vision, stated below, of the future of primary scientific publication:
Online publication of Florida Entomologist is a joint project of the Florida Entomological Society and the Florida Center for Library Automation. Since 1994, E. O. Painter Printing Company has used the files that produce the printed version to generate the Portable Document Format (PDF) and other files for the electronic version. Electronic publication of Florida Entomologist began 28 Nov 1994, when the September 1994 issue (vol. 77, no. 3) was made available online, and all subsequent issues were made available online shortly after the printed issues were mailed.
In 1996, FES began to investigate ways to put early issues online. Because pages in issues published prior to June 1994 were composed by cut-and-paste rather than electronically, they had to be scanned prior to conversion to PDF files. In 1997, a pilot project to establish the feasibility and cost was completed and two back issues were put online. Early in 1998, the Society raised the funds required to scan and index all back issues. On 27 April 1999, the FES back-issue project (see below) was completed when the Florida Center for Library Automation made PDF files of all articles freely accessible and searchable on the Web.
From 1994 through 2000, all articles in the Florida Entomologist were made freely accessible on the Internet with no increase in author fees. In 2001, because of declining revenues from library subscriptions, an obligatory IFWA (Immediate Free Web Access) fee was imposed.
In 2002, FES chose to make Florida Entomologist freely accessible on BioOne, an aggregation of electronic versions of more than 60 bioscience journals, to which more than 440 libraries subscribe. Patrons of subscribing libraries can access the full text of articles in all BioOne journals. Non-patrons are usually restricted to viewing the abstracts. On 28 March 2003, Florida Entomologist became the first journal on BioOne to allow open access to the full text of its articles. To participate in BioOne, a publisher must provide files that meet BioOne's SGML specifications, thereby enabling BioOne to produce high-quality HTML versions of the articles. Producing SGML files to BioOne's standards approximately doubled the per-page cost of producing the electronic version of Florida Entomologist, but IFWA fees covered all costs.
The Florida Entomological Society has continually sought to make online Florida Entomologist articles easier for users to find. For example, prior to automated online indexing PDF files of articles, FES posted minimally formatted HTML files of all articles so that they could be located through search services. Each HTML file directed the user to click on the corresponding PDF file. Today search services index the PDF files of all Florida Entomologist articles published since June 1994. Prior to that, articles were composed by cut and paste rather than electronically. Consequently the PDF files of these older articles are of scanned images of the printed pages rather than character-based. However, in the back-issue project, the images of scanned pages were optically character read with an accuracy of 99.95%, which permitted every word and phrase in the text of the article to be indexed. In September 2004, the Florida Center for Library Automation exploited this possibility and made a union index of the full text of all articles published since 1917. Visitors to the Florida Entomologist home page on the FCLA server can now search a complete set of articles by author, word, or phrase in the title or text, or by Boolean combination of any of these.
The Florida Entomological Society made Florida Entomologist articles easier to find by posting them with open access on BioOne in HTML and PDF formats. Those searching the set of bioscience journals on BioOne can find any article published in Florida Entomologist since March 2002, and can download the full text even if they do not belong to an institution that subscribes to BioOne. During the first six months of 2004, Florida Entomologist articles were downloaded from BioOne in HTML format 29,054 times and in PDF format 2,444 times.
Florida Entomologist authors may add InfoLinks to their articles. An InfoLink is a link to a file of the authors’ creation. It is clickable from the online table of contents that lists the authors’ article, and allows the authors to publish supplementary material (e.g., color illustrations, complete data sets, audio clips) and, in most cases, to add to and correct the supplementary material. InfoLinks are currently priced at $45.
FES’s Back-Issue Project
Having succeeded in putting current issues of Florida Entomologist online from June 1994 forward, FES directed its attention to back issues. The 20,000 pages published from June 1917 to March 1994 had been composed by cut-and-paste rather than electronically. Thus files suitable for posting on the Web would be difficult to make. In 1996, the Society initiated a pilot project to determine the feasibility of scanning the pages of articles, assembling them in word-processing software, and printing the collated bitmapped pages to PDF files. Early tests were successful, and all articles in the two most recent back issues (March 1994 and December 1993) were put online in December 1996 at a cost of $0.75 per page. Plans were made to solicit donations for putting additional issues online in the same fashion.
However, early in 1997, FES learned that JSTOR was using a superior process to put entire back-runs of journals on the Web. Not only were the issues scanned, but text was optically character read to an accuracy of 99.95%, and components of issues and articles were manually analyzed.
The Florida Entomological Society estimated that $12,000 would cover the cost to process all back issues. In early 1998, it raised this amount as follows: two anonymous donors from industry, $4,000; University of Florida (UF) Entomology and Nematology Department, $4,000 (approved by faculty vote); UF Dean for Research in Agriculture and Natural Resources, $4,000. On 9 March 1998, a purchase order was issued to Offshore Keyboarding. On 14 January 1999, the final CD was received; the total costs were $11,255, for 19,873 pages (57¢ per page).
The files received from Offshore Keyboarding were given to the Florida Center for Library Automation. FCLA wrote programs to produce browsable tables of contents for all issues and PDF files for all items. On 27 April 1999, FCLA made these freely accessible on the Web in the same digital-library interface that it was using for the full-text electronic versions of more than 600 Elsevier journals. Items in this set of back issues could then be retrieved by searching by “keyword” (words or phrases in Author, Title, Abstract, and Keyword fields) or by author or title.
In September 2004, FCLA significantly improved search access to the 1917 to 1994 articles by using the RAW files generated by optical character recognition to enable searches of the full text of the articles by any word or phrase, or Boolean combination thereof. FCLA also generated a single index for all issues (1917 to date), so that all articles were candidates for retrieval in any search.
PO Box 1007
Lutz, FL 33548-1007