Hymenopteran parasitoids associated with scale insects (Hemiptera: Coccoidea) in tropical fruit trees in the eastern Amazon, Brazil

Albéryca Stephany de Jesus Costa Ramos, Raimunda Nonata Santos de Lemos, Valmir Antonio Costa, Ana Lucia Benfatti Gonzalez Peronti, Ester Azedo da Silva, Janaina Marques Mondego, Aldenise Alves Moreira

Abstract


Fifteen species of parasitoids emerged from 6 species of scale insects, all are recorded for the first time in Maranhão State, Brazil. A total of 20 coccoid/parasitoid associations were found, 5 of which are new host records for the parasitoid species: Coccus hesperidum (L.) (Hemiptera: Coccidae) with Arrhenophagus chionaspidis (Aurivillius) (Hymenoptera: Encyrtidae); and Praelongorthezia praelonga (Douglas) (Hemiptera: Ortheziidae) with Aenasius sp. (Hymenoptera: Encyrtidae), Encyrtus aurantii (Geoffroy) (Hymenoptera: Encyrtidae), Aprostocetus sp. (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae) and Signiphora sp. (Hymenoptera: Signiphoridae).

 

Resumo

Quinze espécies de parasitoides emergiram de seis espécies de cochonilhas, todas são registradas pela primeira vez no Estado do Maranhão, Brasil. Um total de 20 interações cochonilhas/parasitoides foram encontradas, das quais cinco são novos registros de hospedeiros para as espécies de parasitoides: Coccus hesperidum (L.) (Hemiptera: Coccidae) com Arrhenophagus chionaspidis (Aurivillius) (Hymenoptera: Encyrtidae); e Praelongorthezia praelonga (Douglas) (Hemiptera: Ortheziidae) com Aenasius sp. (Hymenoptera: Encyrtidae), Encyrtus aurantii (Geoffroy) (Hymenoptera: Encyrtidae), Aprostocetus sp. (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae) e Signiphora sp. (Hymenoptera: Signiphoridae).

 

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Keywords


Aphelinidae; biological control; Encyrtidae; natural enemies; tritrophic interactions

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