Supplementary Material: "Marietta leopardina (Hymenoptera: Aphelinidae) and Aprostocetus (Aprostocetus) sp. (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae) Are Obligate Hyperparasitoids of Tamarixia radiata (Eulophidae) and Diaphorencyrtus aligarhensis(Hymenoptera: Encyrtidae)

Christina Hoddle, Mark Hoddle, Serguei V. Triapitsyn

Abstract


Marietta leopardina and Aprostocteus (Aprostocetus) sp. that emerged from Diaphorina citri nymphs collected from the Pakistani Punjab and exposed in quarantine to D. citri nymphs parasitized by Tamarixia radiata or Diaphorencyrtus aligarhensis successfully emerged from both of these primary parasitoids. Marietta leopardina and A. (Aprostocetus) sp. did not reproduce on unparasitized D. citri nymphs. These exposure experiments confirmed that M. leopardina and A. (Aprostocetus) sp. are obligatory hyperparasitoids of T. radiata and D. aligarhensis in the Diaphorina-Tamarixia-Diaphorencyrtus system.

 

Marietta leopardina y Aprostocteus (Aprostocetus) sp. emergidos de ninfas de Diaphorina citri recolectadas en Punjab de Pakistan fueron expuestos en cuarentena sobre ninfas de D. citri parasitadas por Tamarixia radiata o Diaphorencyrtus aligarhensis, logrando emerge con éxito de estos dos parasitoides primarios. Marietta leopardina y A. (Aprostocetus) sp. no se reproducieron en ninfas de D. citri no parasitadas. Estos experimentos de exposición confirmaron que M. leopardina y A. (Aprostocetus) sp. son hiperparasitoides obligatorios de T. radiata y D. aligarhensis en el sistema de Diaphorina-Tamarixia-Diaphorencyrtus.


Keywords


developmental times; foreign exploration; Pakistan; Punjab; quarantine

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