Survival of Salmonella spp. on Lime Slices

Rachel McEgan, Michelle D. Danyluk

Abstract


Lime slices are commonly added to beverages in the food service industry; little is known about microbial risks associated with this practice. The objective of this study was to determine survival of Salmonella spp. on lime slices stored on ice for 8 h then transferred to 4 °C or at room temperature. A five-strain cocktail of Salmonella [5 log colony-forming units (cfu) per slice)] was spot inoculated onto the flesh, flavedo, or albedo of sliced limes and held on ice or at room temperature for up to 24 h. Salmonella were enumerated by plating on selective agar during the 24-h storage. Salmonella inoculated onto the albedo and held at room temperature first decreased by 1 log cfu/slice within the first hour then grew back to 6 log cfu/slice. When inoculated onto either the flesh or flavedo and held at room temperature no significant difference was observed in the counts of Salmonella over the 24-h period; counts remained at ≈5 log cfu/slice. When stored on ice the initial Salmonella load (at time 0 h) was ca. 4.5 log cfu/slice and remained with no significant difference over the 24-h storage time. The demonstrated ability of Salmonella to survive on lime slices suggests a potential food safety risk associated with improperly handled sliced limes.

Keywords


Salmonella, Citrus latifolia, food safety

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References


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Proc. Fla. State Hort. Soc.     ISSN 0886-7283