Evaluation of banana and plantain (musa spp.) Cultivars in the south of Haiti

Ludger Jean-Simon

Abstract


A field experiment was established in August 2004 in order to evaluate the productivity and the tolerance to Black Sigatoka (Mycosphaerella figiensis) of the banana cultivars FHIA 21, CRBP 39, FHIA 17, FHIA 23, FHIA 18, FHIA 01, FHIA 25. The local cultivars 'Musqué' and 'La Reine' were used as controls. The growth and severity of Black Sigatoka were evaluated after 6 months. Analysis of variance performed for number of leaves per plant, plant height, pseudostem diameter, third leaf area, and disease level. The cultivar FHIA 25, with a sixmonth height of 1.6 m had the fastest height growth. It also had the largest leaf size, with a third leaf area of 0.4 m. No significant difference was found between the banana cultivars for the number of leaves, stem diameter, and the susceptibility to Black Sigatoka. The susceptibility of improved cultivars to Black Sigatoka was not statistically different from local cultivars. The banana cultivar FHIA 25 has shown the fastest initial height growth of all the materials under evaluation.

Keywords


mycosphaerella figiensis; leaf area index; stem elongation; black sigatoka disease

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Proc. Fla. State Hort. Soc.     ISSN 0886-7283