Effects of rootstock on fruit quality and postharvest behavior of 'marsh' grapefruit

T. G. Mccollum, K. D. Bowman, W. S. Castle

Abstract


Our objective was to determine the effects of rootstock on fruit quality and postharvest behavior of 'Marsh' grapefruit. We sampled grapefruit grown on sour orange, Carrizo citrange, Smooth Flat Seville, Swingle citrumelo, US-812 and Cleopatra mandarin rootstocks grown in replicated plots in a commercial grove in Martin Co., Fla. Fruit sampled from trees on each rootstock were analyzed at the time of harvest for standard fruit quality attributes (fruit size, % juice, Brix, and acidity). Fruit were stored at 5C for 5 weeks and then transferred to 20 C, at which time they were rated for chilling injury (CI). Samples of fruit were again analyzed for the fruit quality parameters following storage. Rootstock had significant effects on all attributes measured with the exception of juice content. Fruit grown on sour orange rootstock developed significantly more CI than did fruit grown on the other five rootstocks. Fruit grown on Carrizo developed the least amount of CI. The results confirm that rootstock has significant effects on grapefruit quality, and it may be important to consider rootstock when making decisions regarding postharvest handling of the fruit.

Keywords


citrus paradisi; chilling injury

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Proc. Fla. State Hort. Soc.     ISSN 0886-7283