Hydroponic production of fresh ginger roots ( zingiber officinale ) as an alternative method for South Florida

A. Ray Rafie, Teresa Olczyk, Waldo Guerrero

Abstract


Ginger (Zingiber officinale Rosc.) is considered an important ingredient for most Asian cuisines. The imports of ginger to the United States rose from 13,449 t in 1997 to 20,097 t in the year 2000. China is considered the main supplier of fresh ginger to the United States. Hawaii is the only state in the U.S that is currently commercially producing fresh ginger. The wholesale prices for fresh ginger are better in the months of July to September. An experiment was conducted to compare the yield and quality of fresh ginger under a greenhouse hydroponic production system with that of a field-grown system. The hydroponic system produced more yield and better quality rhizomes. Preliminary observation showed that costs of production were lower under the hydroponic system due to reduced maintenance associated with disease, insect, and weed control.

Keywords


zingiber officinale; ginger; hydroponic; mounding; perlite; wholesale; rhizome

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Proc. Fla. State Hort. Soc.     ISSN 0886-7283