Cost-Effective Coastal Protection With Reference to Florida and the Carolinas, U.S.A.

Per Bruun


This paper reviews coastal protective measures, including structural and artificial replenishment. Although progress made during recent years focuses on nourishment procedures, conservative steps including dune building and vegetative maintenance have also become popular. As an adjunct to beach and dune maintenance, beach scraping has proven to be practical if undertaken in a professional and responsible way.


Beach renourishment; beach scraping; dredging; erosion; Hilton Head Island;

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