Responses to Coastal Threats: Toward an Integrated Strategy

David W. Fischer


Coastal resource management strategies can fail. They fail sometimes from lack of integrating threats into existing coastal management strategies. This paper outlines a set of strategies coastal developers may take when confronted by coastal threats. Since a threat and its coastal impact area constitute a connected system, the promotive strategy sees the threat-impact area as interdependent. Such a strategy can turn threat impacts into an expansion of developer concern by promoting coastal threats as a new pathway to greater coastal conservation and management opportunities.


Coastal development; coastal resource management; coastal threats; conservation; management strategy; promotive strategy

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