Coastal Protection against Erosion along the Bulgarian Black Sea

Ginka A. Simeonova

Abstract


The description of the causes for and consequences of the need for coastal protection is important but is not sufficient to predict the outcomes of development in the coastal zone. The main coastal protection problems of the Bulgarian Black Sea coast are discussed. They cover a wide range of factors active in the coastal area which are related to the type of coast. A complex approach is proposed to integrate planning and the construction of coastal protection works. The examples discussed and the scientifically-based problems of defending the coast against erosion confirm that the technological struggle against natural erosion is far more difficult find more expensive than the use of early preventive measures in conformity with the natural processes.

 

 


Keywords


Coastal engineering; coastal structures; coastal management; Bulgaria; Black Sea

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