Effects of Storage Temperature and Extraction Procedure on Recovery of Plant- parasitic Nematodes from Field Soils

K. R. Barker, C. J. Nusbaum, L. A. Nelson

Abstract


Storage of nematodes in soil at -15 C for 1 to 16 weeks greatly increased nematode recovery by a sugar-flotation-sieving procedure. One week of exposure to -15 C killed all nematodes except Pratylenchus zeae and Tylenchorhynchus claytoni which were recoverable in decreasing numbers up to 10 weeks by the Baermann funnel method. Optimum storage temperature for survival of most nematode species was 13 C. The numbers of Meloidogyne incognita, T. claytoni, Belonolaimus Iongicaudatus, and P. zeae recoverable by either extraction method remained constant or increased when stored at 13-24 C for 16 weeks. This was also true for Helicotylenchtts dihystera and Xiphinema americanum extracted by the Baermann funnel technique, whereas the numbers retrieved by the sugar-flotation-sieving method decreased slightly. All species except T. claytoni decreased appreciably in soil stored at 36 C.

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