Effect of Soil Type on Population Densities of Nematodes in Soybean Rotation Fields

V. R. Ferris, R. L. Bernard

Abstract


The effect of soil type on population densities of plant parasitic nematode species in 17 field blocks of four different soil types rotated to corn, soybeans, wheat, and forage mixtures was investigated during a generally droughty 5-year period. High densities of Helicotylenchus pseudorobustus were found in dark silty clay loams. Highest densities of Tylenchorhynchus acutus were also in one of the dark-colored silty clay loams. Light-colored silt loams favored development of Paratylenchus projectus, which developed poorly in the darker soils. Comparable densities of Xiphinema americanum were found in all soils and on all crops, regardless of soil type. Tylenchorhynchus martini, although present, did not build up in any of the soils. Populations of Pratylenchus species were generally low in the rotated blocks of all soil types. Key Words: Corn, Wheat, Forage, Helicotylenchus pseudorobustus, Tylenchorhynchus acutus, Tylenchorhynchus martini, Paratylenchus projectus, Xiphinema americanum, Pratylenchus spp.

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