A Brief Report on the Chromosome Number of Neodiplogaster pinicola and Panagrellus redivivoides (Nematoda: Rhabditida)

Helen Carol Hechler

Abstract


Both Neodiplogaster pinicola and Panagrellus redivivoides reproduce amphimictically, with XO type of sex determination. In N. pinicola, primary spermatocytes have six bivalent chromosomes and one univalent; after two meiotic divisions, sperm are produced with either six or seven chromosomes. In primary oocytes, with seven bivalents, meiosis is initiated by entrance of a sperm. After two meiotic divisions, three polar nuclei are produced, and egg and sperm pronuclei fuse. Cleavage begins after the egg is laid. Males have a 2n number of 13 chromosomes; females, 14. In P. redivivoides, primary spermatocytes have four bivalents and one univalent. After two meiotic divisions, spermatids are produced with either four or five well separated chromosomes. In primary oocytes, the first maturation division is initiated after penetration of a sperm; after two meiotic divisions, each egg has five chromosomes. Cleavage begins immediately after fusion of egg and sperm pronuclei, and embryonic development and hatching occur within the uterus. Males have a 2n chromosome number of 9; females, 10. Key Words: reproduction, gametogenesis.

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