Development of Heterodera schachtii on Large Rooted Crop Plants and the Significance of Root Debris as Substratum for Increasing Field Infestations

A. E. Steele

Abstract


Heterodera schachtii developed to maturity and reproduced on the lateral roots of defoliated sugarbeet which were buried to a depth of 2.5 cm in sterilized soil and inoculated with cysts. Nematodes did not develop on detached lateral roots or on roots of young defoliated beets which did not have a large tap root. The storage roots of large rooted plants were sliced, placed in small jars, inoculated with cysts, covered with moist granulated agar or soil and incubated at 24ºC 12-62 days. The sugarbeet nematode developed in root slices of sugarbeet, red table beet, icicle and globe radish, turnip and rutabaga. Only a few males developed on slices of potato tubers. Neither males nor females developed on root slices of carrot, salsify or parsnip. H. schachtii also developed on the cut surfaces of growing sugarbeet and radish. Key Words: sugarbeet nematode, culture, root slices.

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