Host-parasite Interactions of Pratylenchus scribneri on Selected Crop Plants

J. R. Rich, I. J. Thomason, F. C. O'Melia

Abstract


Greenhouse tests were conducted to determine the effects of soil temperature and texture on development of Pratylenchus scribneri and the pathogenicity and reproductive rates of this nematode on selected crop plants. In a sandy loam soil, greatest numbers of P. scribneri were found at 30 and 35 C on sudangrass and sugarbeet, respectively. In a silty clay loam, the nematode reproduced best at 35 C on sugarbeet. Higher populations of P. scribneri were found in the sandy loam than silty clay loam soil at corresponding temperatures. In a pathogenicity test, top and root growth of sudangrass and barley were suppressed by the nematode, whereas no significant growth inhibition was found on wheat and alfalfa. Tests with other vegetable and field crops indicated wide variance in nematode reproduction. Key Words: Lesion nematode, pathogenicity, soil temperature, soil type, sudangrass, sugarbeet, barley, wheat, and alfalfa.

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