Comparison of Five Populations of Tylenchulus semipenetrans to Citrus, Poncirus, and their Hybrids

J. H. O'Bannon, V. Chew, A. T. Tomerlin


The infectivity of five populations of Tylenchulus semipenetrans were compared and differentiated on 10 hosts (5 Citrus spp., 1 Poncirus trifoliata, and 4 hybrids of Citrus slop. X P. trifoliata). Differences in levels of infection and development (P = 0.01) occurred between Citrus spp. and P. trifoliata cv. 'Pomeroy' and their three hybrids, C. paradisi X P. trifoliata cv. 'Swingle' citruntelo and C. sinensis, cv. 'Ruby' orange X P. trifoliata cv. 'Webber Fawcett 14-7', and '15-7'. Poncirus trifoliata cv. Pomeroy was susceptible to a California biotype 3 and highly resistant to the other citrus nematode populations. Low infection levels with California biotype 1, Arizona, and Florida populations on Swingle citrumelo, and the two Ruby orange hybrids indicated inherited resistance. Reproduction of the nematode population from Texas was greatest on the three hybrids, Swingle citrumelo, Ruby orange 14-7, and 15-7, from the California 1, Arizona, and Florida populations, but its comparable densities on P. trifoliata and Citrus spp. were not sufficiently different from these populations to consider it a separate biotype. California biotype 3 was sufficiently different from all other populations to be considered a different biotype, and it was named the "Poncirus biotype." Key Words: citrus-root nematode, resistance, population density, biotype.

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