Anatomical Response of Grain Sorghum Roots to Meloidogyne incognita acrita

Calvin C. Orr, E. D. Morey


The cotton root-knot nematode, Meloidogyne incognita acrita, reproduced on the roots of grain sorghum, causing syncytia in the cortex or stele of lateral roots. Giant cells developed either singly with few nuclei or in groups with many nuclei. Giant cells that developed in groups appeared the same as those which developed singly. The pericycle and endodermis were interrupted at the site of nematode invasion. Large areas of these tissues were absent for one-third of the circumference of the stele and extended 1.5 mm longitudinally along the root. In the area where pericycle and endodernris were absent, the parenchyma of the cortex extended to the vascular elements, and abnormal xylem surrounding giant cells extended into the region of the cortex. Root-knot galls appeared on sorghum roots as elongate swellings, discrete knots, or swellings with root proliferation. Galls were not observed on brace roots. Key Words: giant cells, pathogenesis, root-knot nematode.

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