Hybridization of Races of Heterodera glycines

Mazo Price, C. E. Caviness, and R. D. Riggs

Abstract


Progeny from single females of four known races of Heterodera glycines Ichinohe were used to establish relatively uniform populations. Single females from these populations were mated with males of other races in all possible combinations to study compatibility and inheritance patterns. When race 1 or 3 was crossed with either race 2 or 4, there was a significant reduction in number of females and a greater number of eggless females than in crosses of races 1 × 3 and 2 × 4. More females matured and fewer were eggless when matings were of the same race. Parasitic capabilities of races 2 and 4 were dominant or partially dominant over those of races 1 and 3, based on parasitism of F[sub1] hybrids. Segregation patterns were generally similar for reciprocal crosses between races. There appeared to be either one or two major genes segregating for parasitism of 'Pickett' soybean in the different crosses. A hybrid isolate (race 3 × 4) that differed in parasitic capability from the four known races produced as many females on the resistant soybean genotype, PI 90,763, as on the susceptible Lee cultivar. Those data indicate that isolates of H. glycines with a different parasitic capability may develop from gene recombination. Key Words: soybean cyst nematode, parasitic capability, compatibility, genetic recombination.

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