The Effects of Temperature on Pratylenchus scribneri and P. alleni Populations on Soybeans and Tomatoes

O. J. Dickerson

Abstract


In soil temperature tests, rates of Pratylenchus scribneri and P. alleni reproduction were measured at various lemperatures on 'Clark 63' and 'Cutler 71' soybeans and 'Rutgers' tomatoes. Recovered P. scribneri equaled or exceeded initial inoculum levels at temperatures of 27.5 C or higher on soybeans, and at 20 C or higher on tomatoes. Population increases were greatest at 3.5 C on both hosts. Populations increased on soybeans, but not on tomatoes, when soil temperature was raised from 25 to 35 C for either 3 or 9 days. Recovered P. alleni were less than the initial inoculum at 27.5 C but higher at 32 and 37.5 C and at 27.5 C on tomatoes, the lowest temperature tested for this nematode. In the field, soil temperatures 10 cm deep in eastern Kansas soybean growing areas reach 27.5 C only occasionally and for relatively short periods, which probably explains the relatively low and variable populations of P. scribneri and P. alleni on soybeans there. Key Words: Host-parasite relationships, resistance, lesion nematodes.

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