Pathological Differences in Heterodera schachtii Populations

G. D. Griffin

Abstract


Five populations of Heterodera schachtii Schm. from Oregon, Idaho, and Utah did not differ significantly in seedling penetration and rate of emergence and virulence. Another Utah H. schachtii population (Utah 2), however, differed from these five populations in all of the above-mentioned characteristics. More H. schachtii larvae of the Utah 2 population than the other populations penetrated sugarbeet seedlings at 10, 15, 20, and 25 C. Root and top weights of sugarbeet plants were signiticantly less when roots were parasitized by the Utah 2 population than when they were parasitized by larvae of the other nematode populations under similar experimental conditions. Also, the period of larval emergence was shorter in the Utah 2 population than in any of the other H. schachtii populations. Key words: sugarbeet cyst nematode, sugarbeet, Beta vulgaris, virulence, soil temperature, penetration, hatching.

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