Yield Response and Injury Levels of Meloidogyne incognita and M. javanica on the Susceptible Tobacco 'McNair 944'

M. L. Arens, J. R. Rich

Abstract


The effects of Meloidogyne incognita and M. javanica on a susceptible tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum L.) cv. McNair 944 were investigated in field microplots during 1978 and 1979. Three initial inoculum levels - 4, 16, and 64 nematode eggs and/or second-stage larvae per 100 cm³ of soil - were used for each nematode species. Data obtained from the experiments included plant yield and the amount of reproduction of the two nematode species. At comparative inoculum levels, M. javanica was more aggressive than M. incognita on tobacco and caused approximately twofold more yield suppression than M. incognita. The calculated initial population of M. incognita, derived from the average for 2 yr, which produced a 7% suppression in plant yield was four eggs and/or second-stage larvae per 100 cm³ of soil; whereas less than one M. javanica egg and/or second-stage larvae per 100 cm³ of soil was needed to achieve similar suppression. Nematode reproduction varied in the 1978 and 1979 tests, but similar trends were observed. Early season M. javanica populations were greater than those of M. incognita, but late season populations of M. incognita were twice anti three times those of M. javanica. Key words: aggressiveness, injury levels, Nicotiana tabacum.

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