Optimum Initial Inoculum Levels for Evaluation of Resistance in Tomato to Meloidogyne spp. at Two Different Soil Temperatures

M. T. Araujo, D. W. Dickson, J. J. Augustine, M. J. Bassett

Abstract


The effects of Meloidogyne incognita or M. javanica at five initial inoculum levels of 20, 100, 200, 1,000, and 2,000 eggs and infective juveniles per seedling on 'Floradade,' 'Nemarex,' 'Patriot,' and 'PI 129149-2(sib)-5' tomatoes maintained at 25 or 32.5 C were studied. The number of egg masses on roots of the susceptible cultivar Floradade was similar for both species of root-knot nematodes at either 2.5 or 32.5 C soil temperatures. At 25 C, very low numbers of egg masses were produced by both species of root-knot nematodes on Nematex, Patriot, and Lycopersicon peruvianum PI 129149-2(sib)-5. At 32.5 C, the best inoculum level for assessing resistance in these tomato genotypes was 200 eggs and infective juveniles per seedling. With 28 days of incubation, this temperature and inoculum level produced quantitative differences in resistance for both species of Meloidogyne. Key words: Lycopersicon, root-knot nematode.

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