Resistant Germplasm in Gossypium Species and Related Plants to Rotylenchulus reniformis

Choi-Pheng Yik, Wray Birchfield

Abstract


Gossypium hirsutum, G. herbaceum, G. arboreum, G. barbadense, wild Gossypium spp., Hibiscus spp, and other Malvaceae were tested in the greenhouse to identify germplasm resistant to Rotylenchulus reniformis (Rr). Host resistance was based on Rr egg production per gram of root compared with known G. hirsutum susceptible 'Deltapine 16' as check. G. longicalyx and Sida rhombifolia were nonhosts. High levels of resistance were found in G. stocksii, G. somalense, and G. barbadense 'Texas 110.' Other cotton lines with potential value in breeding for Rr resistance were G. herbaceum P.I. 408775; G. arboreum P.I. 41895, P.I, 417891, CB 3839; and G. hirsutum 893. All these supported less than 20% of the egg production on the check. Seventy-three percent of the Hibiscus spp. tested were resistant. Female development and egg production reflected host resistance; healthy females and large egg masses were observed on susceptible plants, and degenerated females and small egg masses on resistant plants. Females penetrating nonhost G. longicalyx never matured to kidney shape. Key words: cotton, reniform nematodes, egg production, immune hosts.

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