Anhydrobiosis in Pratylenchus penetrans and Tylenchorhynchus n. sp. in Cultivated Soils Cropped to Winter Rye

J. L. Townshend

Abstract


Anhydrobiotes of Pratylenchus penetrans were found in two cultivated soils sown to rye in southern Ontario during the growing season. Anhydrobiotes at the 0-2.5-cm depth were recovered from 9 and 6 of 11 samplings, respectively, of a Vineland silt loam and a Fox loamy sand during the dry summer of 1983. At the 2.5-15.0-cm depth, anhydrobiotes were recovered less frequently. In the summer of 1984, anhydrobiotes of P. penetrans were recovered once and anhydrobiotes of Tylenchorhynchus n. sp. twice in 11 samplings. The percentages of P. penetrans populations that were anhydrobiotes in 1983 and 1984 were closely related to soil moisture content and corresponding moisture tensions. Populations of P. penetrans were greatest in October in the lower soil depth, 2.5-15.0 cm; those of Tylenchorhynchus n. sp. were greater in the surface layer of soil, 0-2.5 cm, and peaked in August. Key words: root-lesion nematode, stunt nematode, soil population, anhydrobiotes, soil moisture.

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