DNA Isolation and GC Base Composition of Four Root-knot Nematode (Meloidogyne spp.) Genomes

E. C. Pableo, A. C. Triantaphyllou, W. E. Kloos


Phenol extraction and cesium trifluoroacetate ultracentrifugation were compared for efficiency in the extraction of DNA from eggs and second-stage juveniles of four species of Meloidogyne. The second method proved to be more satisfactory in that it yielded larger amounts of DNA, shortened the extraction period, and reduced sample handling by eliminating phenol and ether extraction and RNAse treatment. It also made possible the extraction of DNA: from more than one sample at a time. The mean base compositions (% GC) of the total DNA of M. incognita, M. javanica, M. arenaria, and M. hapla, as determined by thermal denaturation tests, were quite similar, as they ranged only between 31 and 33%. Similarly, the thermal stability of the DNA of all four species covered a narrow range from 82.97 to 83.63 C. Key words: Meloidogyne, DNA, genome, thermal denaturation, GC content, thermal stability.

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