Interactions Between Meloidogyne incognita and Pratylenchus brachyurus on Soybean

M. Herman, R. S. Hussey, H. R. Boerma


Interactions among Meloidogyne incognita, Pratylenchus brachyurus, and soybean genotype on plant growth and nematode reproduction were studied in a greenhouse. Coker 317 (susceptible to both nematodes) and Gordon (resistant to M. incognita, susceptible to P. brachyurus) were inoculated with increasing initial population densities (Pi) of both nematodes individually and combined. M. incognita and P. brachyurus individually usually suppressed shoot growth of both cultivars, but only root growth on Coker 317 was influenced by a M. incognita × P. brachyurus interaction. Reproduction of both nematodes, although dependent on Pi, was mutually suppressed on Coker 317. P. brachyurus reproduced better on Gordon than on Coker 317 but did not affect resistance to M. incognita. Root systems of Coker 317 were split and inoculated with M. incognita or P. brachyurus or both to determine the nature of the interaction. M. incognita suppressed reproduction of P. brachyurus either when coinhabiting a half-root system or infecting opposing half-root systems; however, P, brachyurus affected M. incognita only if both nematodes infected the same half-root system. Key words: Glycine max, antagonism, concomitant infection, population density, root-knot nematode, lesion nematode.

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