Cephalobus litoralis: Biology and Tolerance to Desiccation

M. Saeed, S. A. Khan, V. A. Saeed, H. A. Khan


Cephalobus litoralis (Akhtar, 1962) Andrássy, 1984 reproduced parthenogenetically and completed its life cycle in 72-90 hours. Each female deposited 200-300 eggs. The nematodes showed synchronized movements in the rhythms of the anterior parts of the body. The nematodes were coiled when dried in culture medium or in slowly evaporating water droplets on the tops of culture plates, but in pellets they assumed irregular postures. Nematodes in pellets stored at high humidity could be reactivated after storage for 28 days. Key words: behavior, Cephalobus litoralis, coiling, desiccation tolerance, life cycle, parthenogenesis, synchronized movement.

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