Efficacy of Oxamyl Coated on Alfalfa Seed with a Polymer Sticker in Pratylenchus and Meloidogyne Infested Soils

J. L. Townshend

Abstract


A polymer sticker was used as a coating in which oxamyl was applied to seeds of alfalfa cultivar Saranac for the control of Pratylenchus penetrans and Meloidogyne hapla. The sticker, diluted 1:1 (sticker:water) to 1:5, delayed seedling emergence during the first 4 days after planting. By day 13, however, emergence from all sticker treatments was comparable to the control. Shoot growth of seedlings at day 21 was less than that of the control only from seeds coated with a 1:1 dilution; root growth and nodulation were not affected. Sticker-coated seeds absorbed 30-58% as much water in 3.5 hours as was absorbed by uncoated seeds. Oxamyl concentrations of 40-160 mg/ml in a 1:5 sticker : water mixture had no adverse affect on seedling emergence, growth, and nodulation over 3 weeks. Oxamyl at 160 mg/ml was more effective against P. penetrans than M. hapla. Growth of alfalfa in P. penetrans-infested soil was greater than that of the control in each sampling for 11 weeks. The reduction of number of P. penetrans in soil and roots moderated slowly over 11 weeks from 90% to 60%. Shoot and root growth of alfalfa from oxamyl-coated seed in M. hapla-infested soil were greater than those of the control for 7 and 11 weeks, respectively. The reduction in the number of M. hapla in the soil and roots changed from 80% at 7 weeks to 15% at 11 weeks. Key words: alfalfa, lesion nematode, Medicago sativa, Meloidogyne hapla, oxamyl, Pratylenchus penetrans, root-knot nematode, seed treatment, sticker.

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