Additional Hosts for the Ring Nematode, Criconemella xenoplax

E. I. Zehr, J. B. Aitken, J. M. Scott, J. R. Meyer


Some common legumes and weeds indigenous to peach orchards in South Carolina were tested in greenhouse experiments to determine their host suitability for Criconemella xenoplax. Legumes that were hosts for the nematode were dwarf English trefoil (Lotus corniculatus var. arvensis), big trefoil (L. uliginosis), birdsfoot trefoil (L. corniculatus), narrowleaf birdsfoot trefoil (L. tenuis), ball clover (Trifolium nigrescens), rose clover (T. hirtum), subterranean clover (T. subterraneum), striate lespedeza (Lespedeza striata), and partridge pea (Cassiafasciculata). Most nonleguminous plants tested did not support population increases, but small increases were observed on orchardgrass (Dactylis glomerata), broadleaf signalgrass (Brachiaria platyphylla), purslane (Portulaca oleracea), and Carolina geranium (Geranium carolinianum). Results indicate that leguminous plants probably should not be used as ground cover or rotation crops for plants that are injured by C. xenopax. Key words: alternate host, Criconemella xenoplax, feeding association, leguminous host, ring nematode.

Full Text: