Temperature and the Life Cycle of Heterodera zeae

Paula A. Hutzell, Lorin R. Krusberg


Development of the corn cyst nematode, Heterodera zeae, was studied in growth chambers at 20, 25, 29, 33, and 36 ± 1 C on Zea mays cv. Pioneer 3184. The optimum temperature for reproduction appeared to be 33 C, at which the life cycle, from second-stage juvenile (J2) to J2, was completed in 15-18 days; at 36 C, 19-20 days were required. Juveniles emerged from eggs within 28 days at 29 C and after 42 days at 25 C. Although J2 were present within eggs after 63 days at 20 C, emergence was not observed up to 99 days after inoculation. Female nematodes produced fewer eggs at 20 C than at higher temperatures. Key words: corn cyst nematode, Heterodera zeae, life cycle, temperature.

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