Yield-loss Models for Tobacco Infected with Meloidogyne incognita as Affected by Soil Moisture

T. A. Wheeler, K. R. Barker, S. M. Schneider

Abstract


Yield-loss models were developed for tobacco infected with Meloidogyne incognita grown in microplots under various irrigation regimes. The rate of relative yield loss per initial nematode density (Pi), where relative yield is a proportion of the value of the harvested leaves in uninfected plants with the same irrigation treatment, was greater under conditions of water stress or with high irrigation than at an intermediate level of soil moisture. The maximum rate of plant growth per degree-day (base 10 C) was reduced as nematode Pi increased when plots contained adequate water. When plants were under water stress, increasing Pi did not luther reduce the maximum rate of plant growth (water stress was the limiting factor). Cumulative soil matric potential values were calculated to describe the relationship between available water in the soil (matric potential) due to the irrigation treatments and subsequent plant growth. Key words: Meloidogyne incognita, nematode, Nicotiana tabacum, yield-loss model, soil matric potential, tobacco.

Full Text:

PDF