Infection of Cultured Thin Cell Layer Roots of Lycopersicon esculentum by Meloidogyne incognita

D. N. Radin and J. D. Eisenback

Abstract


A new aseptic culture system for studying interactions between tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum) and Meloidogyne incognita is described. Epidermal thin cell layer explants from peduncles of tomato produced up to 20 adventitious roots per culture in 4-9 days on Murashige & Scoog medium plus kinetin and indole acetic acid. Rooted cultures were transferred to Gamborg's B-5 medium and inoculated with infective second-stage juveniles. Gall formation was apparent 5 days after inoculation and egg production by mature females occurred within 25 days at 25 C in the susceptible genotypes Rutgers and Red Alert. Resistant genotypes LA655, LA656, and LA1022 exhibited a characteristic hypersensitive response. This system provides large numbers of cultured root tips for studies on the molecular basis of the host-parasite relationship. Key words: aseptic culture, host resistance, host susceptibility, Lycopersicon esculentum, Meloidogyne incognita, nematode, southern root-knot nematode, tomato.

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