Population Dynamics of Ditylenchus destructor on Peanut

Selmare Basson, D. G. M. A. De Waele, A. J. Meyer

Abstract


The population development of Ditylenchus destructor in the roots, pegs, hulls, and seeds of eight peanut (Arachis hypogaea) genotypes was studied in the greenhouse. Although all genotypes tested were good hosts for D. destructor, differences in host suitability were observed. Invasion of the plant parts by Ditylenchus destructor proceeded more slowly in genotypes with long growth periods. During the second half of the growth period of these genotypes, D. destructor populations emigrated from the hulls and seeds into the soil but reinfected the pods after a few weeks. The genotypes with the longest growth periods supported the highest number of nematodes when each genotype was harvested at its usual harvest time. The long-season genotypes supported low numbers of nematodes when harvested before crop maturity. Key words: Arachis hypogaea, Ditylenchus destructor, nematode, peanut, population dynamics, potato rot nematode.

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