An In Vitro Test for Temperature Sensitivity and Resistance to Meloidogyne incognita in Tomato

Sanaa A. Haroon, A. Abdul Baki, R. N. Huettel

Abstract


An in vitro root explant tissue culture technique is described for determining susceptibility of tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.) breeding lines and cultivars to the root-knot nematode Meloidogyne incognita. Root explants were taken from 2-day-old seedlings cultured for 30 days at 28 C on Gamborg's B-5 medium with or without nematode inoculum. The remaining portion of the root and stem from the excised root explants was transferred to soil in pots and grown to maturity in the greenhouse. In vitro root explants were evaluated for growth and occurrence of juveniles, adults, and egg masses. The regenerated plants were used to produce more seed, The proposed technique is simple, reliable, and adapted to routine screening of large numbers of F[sub1] and F[sub2] samples, and it utilizes less space than tests performed on intact plants in the greenhouse or growth chamber. Evidence is presented also on the breakdown of resistance to M. incognita under high temperature stress using this in vitro root explant technique. Key words: Culture, Lycopersicon esculentum, Meloidogyne incognita, nematode, resistance, root-knot nematode, temperature.

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