Parasitism of Heterodera schachtii and Meloidogyne javanica by Hirsutella rhossiliensis in Microplots over Two Growing Seasons

E. C. Tedford, B. A. Jaffee, A. E. Muldoon, C. E. Anderson, B. B. Westerdahl

Abstract


Numbers of cyst and root-knot nematodes and percentage parasitism by the nematophagous fungus Hirsutella rhossiliensis were quantified in microplots over 2 years. The microplots contained either sugarbeets in loam infested with Heterodera schachtii or tomatoes in sand infested with Meloidogyne javanica. The fungus was added to half of the microplots for each crop. Although H. rhossiliensis established in both microplot soils, the percentage of nematodes parasitized did not increase with nematode density and nematode numbers were not affected by the fungus. The results indicate that long-term interactions between populations of the fungus and cyst or root-knot nematodes will not result in biological control. Key words: Beta vulgaris, biological control, Heterodera schachtii, Hirsutella rhossiliensis, Lycopersicon esculentum, Meloidogyne javanica, microplot, nematode, nematophagous fungus, root-knot nematode, sugarbeet cyst nematode, tomato.

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