Velvetbean in Rotation with Soybean for Management of Heterodera glycines and Meloidogyne arenaria

D. B. Weaver, R. Rodriguez-Kabana, E. L. Carden

Abstract


The effect of previous crops - soybean (Glycine max) or velvetbean (Mucuna deeringiana) - and aldicarb on yield and nematode numbers for selected soybean cultivars was studied in a field infested with a mixture of Meloidogyne arenaria and Heterodera glycines. Soybean following velvetbean yielded 959 kg/ha more than soybean following soybean. Nematicide treatment resulted in increased yield, and there was no interaction between nematicide treatment and previous crop. Cultivars interacted significantly with nematicide treatment but not with previous crop for yield. Velvetbean reduced numbers of H. glycines but not M. arenaria. Cultivars interacted with previous crop, and the previous crop × nematicide × cultivar interaction was significant for both M. arenaria and H. glycines. We concluded that velvetbean is effective in reducing yield losses caused by mixed populations of M. arenaria and H. glycines, regardless of genetic resistance of soybean cultivar. Key words: Alabama, aldicarb, biodiversity, crop rotation, Glycine max, Heterodera glycines, host-plant resistance, Meloidogyne arenaria, Mucuna deeringiana, nematode, root-knot nematode, soybean cyst nematode, soybean, vetvetbean.

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