Meloidogyne incognita and Rotylenchulus reniformis and Associated Soil Textures from Some Cotton Production Areas of Texas

J. L. Starr, C. M. Heald, A. F. Robinson, R. G. Smith, J. P. Krausz


The incidence of Meloidogyne incognita and Rotylenchulus reniformis on cotton was determined in 1989-92 from 1,089 soil samples collected from 31 counties that account for nearly 60% of the 2.2 million hectares planted to cotton in Texas. Meloidogyne incognita was commonly found in the Southern High Plains and Brazos River Valley regions of Texas (57% and 34%, respectively, of samples) but was found in less than 8% of samples from the Central Blacklands, Coastal Bend, Low Plains, or the Upper Gulf Coast regions. Rotylenchulus reniformis was widely distributed in the Brazos River Valley (24% of samples) and found occasionally in the Upper Gulf Coast (8% of samples). Meloidogyne incognita was found only rarely in soils with greater than 40% clay content, whereas Rotylenchulus reniformis was frequently found in finely textured soils but was less common in soils with greater than 40% sand content. In samples infested with M. incognita or R. reniformis, population densities of these species were at least 10-fold greater than population densities of other plant-parasitic species present in the sample. Root-knot and reniform nematodes were not found together in high population densities ( 100 individuals/500 cm³) in the same sample. Key words: cotton, Gossypium hirsutum, incidence, Meloidogyne incognita, nematode, reniform nematode, root-knot nematode, Rotylenchulus reniformis, soil texture, survey.

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