Intra- and Interpopulation Genome Variation In Meloidogyne arenaria

E. E. Hiatt, L. Georgi, S. Huston, D. C. Harshman, S. A. Lewis, A. G. Abbott

Abstract


The genetic heterogeneity of two M. arenaria race 2 populations (designated Pelion and Govan) was examined using RFLP analysis of 12 clonal lines established from single egg masses (six distinct clonal lines from each population). These populations are essentially identical by traditional biochemical and race identification schemes; however, the Govan population is more aggressive than the Pelion population, producing larger galls and exhibiting greater reproductive capabilities on many soybean cultivars and experimental accessions. Variation at the genomic DNA level was examined using probes representative of expressed DNA sequences present in the eukaryotic genome. Ribosomal DNA, interspersed repeated sequences, and cDNA probes were tested for detection of polymorphism within and between single egg mass lines of each population. Cloned cDNAs and ribosomal intergenic spacer sequences detect polymorphism both within and between populations, demonstrating the usefulness of these sequence classes for molecular genetic analysis of population structure and genome evolution. Key words: biochemical systematics, DNA polymorphism, M. arenaria, M. hapla, M. incognita, M. javanica, nematode, RFLP analysis, root-knot nematode.

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