Induced Resistance to Meloidogyne hapla by other Meloidogyne species on Tomato and Pyrethrum Plants

J. L. Ogallo, M. A. McClure

Abstract


Advance inoculation of the tomato cv. Celebrity or the pyrethrum clone 223 with host-incompatible Meloidogyne incognita or M. javanica elicited induced resistance to host-compatible M. hapla in pot and field experiments. Induced resistance increased with the length of the time between inoculations and with the population density of the induction inoculum. Optimum interval before challenge inoculation, or population density of inoculum for inducing resistance, was 10 days, or 5,000 infective nematodes per 500-cm³ pot. The induced resistance suppressed population increase of M. hapla by 84% on potted tomato, 72% on potted pyrethrum, and 55% on field-grown pyrethrum seedlings, relative to unprotected treatments. Pyrethrum seedlings inoculated with M. javanica 10 days before infection with M. hapla were not stunted, whereas those that did not receive the advance inoculum were stunted 33% in pots and 36% in field plots. The results indicated that advance infection of plants with incompatible or mildly virulent nematode species induced resistance to normally compatible nematodes and that the induced resistance response may have potential as a biological control method for plant nematodes. Key words: Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium, induced resistance, Lycopersicon esculentum, Meloidogyne hapla, Meloidogyne incognita, Meloidogyne javanica, Mi gene, nematode, pyrethrum, root-knot nematode, tomato.

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