In Vitro Parasitism of Rotylenchus robustus by Isolates of Hirsutella rhossiliensis

E. C. Tedford, B. A. Jaffee


Abstract: We tested the hypothesis that isolates of Hirsutella rhossiliensis from host nematodes in the family Hoplolaimidae (Rotylenchus robustus and Hoplolaimus galeatus) would be more virulent to R. robustus than would isolates from host nematodes not in the Hoplolaimidae (Heterodera schachtii and Criconemella xenoplax). Nematodes were touched to 10-20 spores of different isolates and incubated at 20 C in 4.5 mM KC1; the percentage of nematodes colonized (filled with hyphae) was determined after 2, 5, 10, 20, and 30 days. The hypothesis was rejected because isolates from H. schachtii and C. xenoplax were equivalent or better at parasitizing R. robustus than were isolates from R. robustus and H. galeatus. In addition, the R. robustus and H. galeatus isolates were as pathogenic to C. curvata as they were to R. robustus, but produced fewer spores per colonized nematode (H. schachtii) than did the other isolates. Key words: biological control, endoparasite, fungus, Hirsutella rhossiliensis, host specificity, parasitism, Rotylenchus rotmstus, virulence.

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