Comparison of Sequences from the Ribosomal DNA Intergenic Region of Meloidogyne mayaguensis and Other Major Tropical Root-Knot Nematodes

V. C. Blok, M. S. Phillips, M. Fargette

Abstract


The unusual arrangement of the 5S ribosomal gene within the intergenic sequence (IGS) of the ribosomal cistron, previously reported for Meloidogyne arenaria, was also found in the ribosomal DNA of two other economically important species of tropical root-knot nematodes, M, incognita and M. javanica. This arrangement also was found in M. hapla, which is important in temperate regions, and M. mayaguensis, a virulent species of concern in West Africa. Amplification of the region between the 5S and 18S genes by PCR yielded products of three different sizes such that M. mayaguensis could be readily differentiated from the other species in this study. This product can be amplified from single juveniles, females, or egg masses. The sequences obtained in this region for one line of each of M. incognita, M. arenaria, and M. javanica were very similar, reflecting the close relationships of these lineages. The M. mayaguensis sequence for this region had a number of small deletions and insertions of various sizes, including possible sequence duplications. Key words: Meloidogyne arenaria, Mdoidogyne incognita, Meloidogyne javanica, Meloidogyne mayaguensis, PCR, rDNA, root-knot nematode.

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