Antioxidant Enzymes in Phytoparasitic Nematodes

Sergio Molinari, Cecilia Miacola

Abstract


Presence of different antioxidant enzymes, such as superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase, and ascorbate, p-phenilendiamine-pyrocathecol (PPD-PC), o-dianisidine, and guaiacol isoperoxidases, was shown in the phytoparasific nematode species Meloidogyne incognita, M. hapla, Globodera rostochiensis, G. pallida, Heterodera schachtii, H. carotae, and Xiphinema index. The activity of the enzymes tested differed among the life stages examined. SOD was present in cysts but was not detected in Meloidogyne egg masses. Catalase activity of Meloidogyne females was higher than that of preparasitic stages and cyst-nematode females. For the first time, ascorbate peroxidase was found to occur commonly in phytoparasitic nematodes, with the highest activity in the invading life-stages. In all the life stages examined, the antioxidant enzyme activities of M. hapla were markedly higher than those of M. incognita. Glutathione peroxidase was not found in the species examined. Key words: antioxidant enzyme, catalase, Globodera pallida, Globodera rostochiensis, Heterodera carotae, Heterodera schachtii, Meloidogyne hapla, Meloidogyne incognita, peroxidase, SOD, Xiphinema index.

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