Changes in Heterodera glycines Egg Population Density in Continuous Glycine max over Four Years

P. A. Donald, W. W. Donald, A. J. Keaster, R. J. Kremer, J. A. Kendig, B. S. Sims, J. D. Mihail

Abstract


Soybean cyst nematode, Heterodera glycines, is found throughout soybean production areas of the United States, but the nematode's distribution is not uniform within states, counties, and individual fields. The goal of this research was to determine the spatial pattern of H. glycines population density in a field in southeastern Missouri and whether it changed over time in the absence of management practices. Geostatistical methods were used to describe and map the distribution of H. glycines over 4 years in a soybean (Glycine max) field in southeastern Missouri. Semivariograms and kriging, an interpolation method, were used to prepare isoarithmic contour maps and associated error maps. In the field studied, fall H. glycines population density (Pf) was poorly related to density the following spring (Pi). The distribution of peak H. glycines population density within the field changed from year to year, although high densities were often detected in the same general region of the field. The patchiness of H. glycines distribution within a field was verified. Yield was not related to H. glycines egg population density at planting, indicating that unmeasured variables were also reducing yield.

Keywords


detection; distribution; heterodera glycines; missouri; nematode management; population density; precision farming; semivariance; soybean; spatial statistics; variable rate technology

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