Infection of the Entomopathogenic Nematode, Steinernema carpocapsae, as Affected by the Presence of Steinernema glaseri

X. D. Wang, N. Ishibashi

Abstract


The infection behavior of Steinernema carpocapsae infective juveniles (IJ) was investigated in the presence and absence of S. glaseri. Mixed inoculation of S. carpocapsae with S. glaseri IJ significantly raised the nictation rates of S. carpocapsae IJ. Significantly more S. carpocapsae IJ migrated to the host insect in the mixed inoculation with S. glaseri IJ on agar plates. More S. carpocapsae IJ penetrated into the host insect placed 2 cm below the surface in the mixed inoculation with S. glaseri IJ. More S. glaseri than S. carpocapsae IJ penetrated into hosts placed 7 cm deep. Irrespective of host location, the male ratio of S. carpocapsae IJ established in the host body was always higher in the mixed inoculation with S. glaseri IJ.

Keywords


behavior; competitor; entomopathogenic nematodes; infection behavior; mixed inoculation; nematode; nictation; sex ratio; steinernema carpocapsae; steinernema glaseri

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