Reproduction and Development of Meloidogyne incognita and M. javanicaon Guardian Peach Rootstock

A. P. Nyczepir, T. G. Beckman, G. L. Reighard

Abstract


Guardian peach rootstock was evaluated for susceptibility to Meloidogyne incognita race 3 (Georgia-peach isolate) and M. javanica in the greenhouse. Both commercial Guardian seed sources produced plants that were poor hosts of M. incognita and M. javanica. Reproduction as measured by number of egg masses and eggs per plant, eggs per egg mass, and eggs per gram of root were a better measure of host resistance than number of root galls per plant. Penetration, development, and reproduction of M. incognita in Guardian (resistant) and Lovell (susceptible) peach were also studied in the greenhouse. Differences in susceptibility were not attributed to differential penetration by the infectivestage juveniles (J2) or the number of root galls per plant. Results indicated that M. incognita J2 penetrated Guardian roots and formed galls, but that the majority of the nematodes failed to mature and reproduce.

Keywords


host-parasitic relationship; meloidogyne incognita; meloidogyne javanica; nematode; peach; prunus persica; resistance; root-knot nematode; rootstock

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