Population Dynamics of Belonolaimus longicaudatusin a Cotton Production System

W. T. Crow, D. P. Weingartner, R. McSorley, D. W. Dickson

Abstract


Belonolaimus longicaudatus is a recognized pathogen of cotton (Gossypium hirsutum), but insufficient information is available on the population dynamics and economic thresholds of B. longicaudatus in cotton production. In this study, data collected from a field in Florida were used to develop models predicting population increases of B. longicaudatus on cotton and population declines under clean fallow. Population densities of B. longicaudatus increased on cotton, reaching a carrying capacity of 139 nematodes/130 cm³ of soil, but decreased exponentially during periods of bare fallow. The model indicated that population densities should decrease each year of monocropped cotton, if an alternate host is not present between sequential cotton crops. Economic thresholds derived from published damage functions and current prices for cotton and nematicides varied from 2 to 5 B. longicaudatus/130 cm³ of soil, depending on the nematicide used.

Keywords


belonolaimus longicaudatus; cotton; economic threshold; fallow; gossypium hirsutum; modeling; nematode; population decline; population dynamics; population increase; sting nematode

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