Pseudomonas chlororaphis Strain Sm3, Bacterial Antagonist of Pratylenchus penetrans

Clemens Hackenberg, Andrea Muehlkchen, Thomas Forge, Thierry Vrain

Abstract


The interaction of Pseudomonas chlororaphis strain Sm3 and the root-lesion nematode Pratylenchus penetrans was investigated in three separate greenhouse experiments with soils from southern British Columbia, Canada. The bacteria were applied to the roots of strawberry plants and planted in unpasteurized field soils, with natural or supplemented infestation of P. penetrans. Nematode suppression in roots was evident after 6 or 10 weeks in all experiments. Root or shoot growth were increased after 10 weeks in two experiments. Population dynamics of P. chlororaphis Sm3 in the rhizosphere was followed using an antibiotic-resistant mutant of P. chlororaphis Sm3. There was no apparent correlation between bacterial density in the rhizosphere and P. penetrans suppression in strawberry roots and rhizosphere soil, although the soil with the highest nematode reduction also had the largest P. chlororaphis Sm3 population in the rhizosphere.

Keywords


bacteria; biological control; growth promotion; nematode; pratylenchus penetrans; pseudomonas chlororaphis; rhizosphere bacteria; root-lesion nematode; strawberry

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