Resistance as a Tactic for Management of Meloidogyne incognita on Cotton in North Carolina

S. R. Koenning

Abstract


Selected cotton cultivars were evaluated for resistance to the southern root-knot nematode, Meloidogyne incognita, in greenhouse and field experiments. Cotton cultivars LA 887, Auburn 634, and NemX cotton were highly resistant to three North Carolina populations of root-knot nematode in greenhouse experiments compared to susceptible cultivars. The relative susceptibility of cultivars tested in the greenhouse from most to least susceptible were Deltapine 16 Deltapine 50 LA 887 or NemX Auburn 634. The yields of resistant and susceptible cotton cultivars were increased by fumigation in fields infested with root-knot nematode. Reproduction of M. incognita in field plots on NemX, Paymaster H 1560, and Stoneville LA 887 was less than on susceptible cultivars. Diminished reproduction of the nematode on resistant cultivars may reduce the need for nematode control tactics in subsequent years.

Keywords


crop loss; host-plant resistance; nematode; southern root-knot nematode

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